What is the 1099-MISC form used for?

Businesses file Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income for each person (who’s not an employee) and unincorporated business (with some exceptions) in the course of your business to whom you have paid during the year:

    • At least $10 in royalties (see the instructions for box 2) or broker payments in lieu of dividends or tax-exempt interest (see the instructions for box 8);
    • At least $600 in:
    1. Rents (box 1);
    2. Prizes and awards (boxes 3);
    3. Other income payments (box 3);
    4. Generally, the cash paid from a notional principal contract to an individual, partnership, or estate (box 3);
    5. Any fishing boat proceeds (box 5);
    6. Medical and health care payments (box 6);
    7. Crop insurance proceeds (box 9);
    8. Payments to an attorney (box 10) (see Payments to attorneys, in 1099 instructions);
    9. Section 409A deferrals (box 12); or
    10. Nonqualified deferred compensation (box 14).

In addition, use Form 1099-MISC to report that you made direct sales of at least $5,000 of consumer products to a buyer for resale anywhere other than a permanent retail establishment (box 7).

You also must file Form 1099-MISC for each person from whom you have withheld any federal income tax (report in box 4) under the backup withholding rules regardless of the amount of the payment.

For additional information see the Instructions for Form 1099-MISC 

What rent payments are reportable on a 1099-MISC form?

Report amounts of $600 or more for all types of rents, such as any of the following.

Real estate rentals paid for office space. However, you do not have to report these payments on Form 1099-MISC if you paid them to a real estate agent or property manager. But the real estate agent or property manager must use Form 1099-MISC to report the rent paid over to the property owner. See Regulations sections 1.6041-3(d) and 1.6041-1(e)(5), Example 5.

Machine rentals (for example, renting a bulldozer to level your parking lot). If the machine rental is part of a contract that includes both the use of the machine and the operator, prorate the rental between the rent of the machine (report that in box 1) and the operator’s charge (report that as NEC in box 7).  The also includes rentals of office equipment like copiers, postage machines, scanners, etc.

Payment for rental of hotel rooms and meeting rooms are also 1099-MISC reportable.  However, most of the times these payments do not end up being reportable.  They are either paid using a credit card or paid to a corporation for which the payment does not have to be reported.

Pasture rentals (for example, farmers paying for the use of grazing land).

Public housing agencies must report in box 1 rental assistance payments made to owners of housing projects. See Rev. Rul. 88-53, 1988-1 C.B. 384.

For additional information see the 2019 Instructions for Form 1099-MISC